Appendix: Methodology and Interviewee Details

Charney Research conducted 46 in-depth individual interviews on transitional justice issues in Syria between August 12 and September 18, 2013 (see table, below). They were done by a local Syrian market research organization’s experienced and trained professional Syrian interviewers. All interviews were with adult Syrian citizens.

The interviews were conducted in the following areas: six interviews in Aleppo, Raqqah, and Hama each, seven in Damascus, three in both al-Qamishli and Tartous, and one in Homs. Eight were conducted among internally displaced persons (IDPs) within Syria, and six with refugees, three in Jordan and three in Turkey. The pool included 34 Sunnis, four Alawites, four Christians, three Kurds, and one Shiite. They also included 32 men and 14 women. In educational terms, five had only primary education, 25 some or complete secondary education, and 16 some or complete tertiary education.

Such a sample is not statistically representative of the Syrian population, nor is that a requisite for qualitative research of this type. Rather, the objective was to ensure that all the main demographic and confessional groups and people in various government- and opposition-held locales, including in the two largest cities, were included in the study. We did this in order to be able to explore similarities and differences in their opinions and probe and contrast their reactions to ideas and possibilities. Charney staff conducted field training of the research firm’s field supervisors in August 2013. During this training we refined the discussion guide, explained strategies for obtaining cooperation, discussed potential obstacles and solutions, and conducted practice interviews to ensure correct administration of the questionnaire. The field supervisors in turn trained and briefed local staff for the study. We are impressed by and deeply grateful for their commitment and courage, without which we could not have conducted the research.

Quotas were set for each region as well as the demographics expected to be fulfilled. Sampling was done on the basis of a modified snowball sampling technique.

The interviews were roughly half an hour in length, in Arabic, and were recorded live. They were transcribed in Arabic, then translated into English by the research firm.

This report, along with the discussion guide for the interviews, was written by Craig Charney and Christine Quirk. The research project was managed by Shehzad Qazi. Research assistance was provided by Justine Woods, Nick Chandler, and Erika Schaefer.

 

LOCATION GENDER REFUGEE
or IDP?
AGE CONFESSION EDUCATION COMPLETED OCCUPATION REGIME STANCE
1 Turkey Male Refugee 31 Sunni University Student Student Anti
2 Turkey Woman Refugee 29 Sunni Secondary School Housewife Anti
3 Turkey Male Refugee 25 Sunni University Graduate Pharmacist Anti
4 Jordan Male Refugee 34 Sunni Elementary School Laborer Anti
5 Jordan Male Refugee 50 Sunni Elementary School Trader Anti
6 Jordan Woman Refugee 48 Sunni Elementary School Housewife Anti
7 Damascus Male 24 Sunni University Graduate Unemployed Anti
8 Damascus Male 34 Sunni Elementary School In the field of dyes Anti
9 Damascus Male 25 Alawite University Graduate Sales manager Pro
10 Damascus Male 38 Sunni Secondary School Clothing manufacture and trade Anti
11 Damascus Male 40 Shiite University Graduate Engineer Pro
12 Damascus Woman 58 Sunni Preparatory School Housewife Pro
13 Damascus Woman IDP 28 Sunni University Graduate Unemployed teacher Anti
14 Damascus Woman IDP 48 Sunni Secondary School Housewife Anti
15 Aleppo Woman 25 Sunni Secondary School Marketing Pro
16 Aleppo Male 27 Sunni Secondary School Clothing store Pro
17 Aleppo Male 38 Sunni Preparatory School Taxi driver Anti
18 Aleppo Male 33 Sunni Secondary School Shop owner Pro
19 Aleppo Male 38 Sunni Preparatory School Laborer Anti
20 Aleppo Male IDP 36 Sunni University Graduate Engineer Anti
21 Aleppo Male IDP 35 Sunni Secondary School Contractor Anti
22 Aleppo Male 28 Sunni Post-Graduate Student Student Anti
23 Hama Male 32 Sunni Secondary School Blacksmith Pro
24 Raqqah Male 45 Sunni Secondary School Barber Anti
25 Hama Male 42 Sunni Grade 8 Taxi driver Pro
26 Hama Woman 39 Sunni Grade 7 Housewife Pro
27 Hama Male 30 Sunni College Graduate Merchant Anti
28 Raqqah Male 48 Sunni Secondary School Mechanic Pro
29 Raqqah Male IDP 47 Sunni University Graduate Collection Officer for
the Water Authority
Anti
30 Raqqah Male 34 Sunni Secondary School Painter Anti
31 Hama Woman 40 Sunni Secondary School Housewife Anti
32 Raqqah Male 38 Sunni Secondary School Baker Pro
33 Hama Male 40 Sunni Grade 8 Trader Anti
34 Raqqah Woman 39 Sunni Grade 7 Housewife Pro
35 Raqqah Woman 34 Sunni Secondary School Unemployed Anti
36 Hama Male IDP 41 Sunni Preparatory School Sometimes butcher Anti
37 al-Qamishli Male 32 Kurdish Technical Institute Nurse Anti
38 al-Qamishli Woman 37 Kurdish Grade 8 Housewife Anti
39 Tartous Male IDP 50 Christian Secondary School Trader Anti
40 al-Qamishli Male 34 Kurdish University Degree Clothes dealer Pro
41 Tartous Male 42 Alawite Grade 7 Fruits and
vegetables trader
Pro
42 Tartous Woman 30 Alawite University Degree: Arabic Literature Teacher Anti
43 Tartous Woman 35 Alawite Secondary School Housewife Pro
44 Homs Male 42 Christian Bachelor’s Degree Trader Pro
45 Damascus Woman 36 Christian University Graduate Decor Engineer Pro
46 Damascus Male 56 Christian Graduated from Institute of Business Administration Trading and
selling food
Pro

 

License

He Who Did Wrong Should Be Accountable: Syrian Perspectives on Transitional Justice Copyright © 2014 by the Syria Justice and Accountability Centre (distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International license). All Rights Reserved.

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